Skip to main content

You are here

Difficulties with Speech Sounds

This can include difficulties with:
  • Muscles used to create different sounds. This can be due to muscle weakness and may be linked to difficulties like cerebral palsy.
  • Sending messages from the brain to make different speech sounds. This may sometimes be described as 'dyspraxia'.
  • Learning and using different sounds to make words. This can be called ‘phonological difficulties’.

Phonological difficulties (difficulties with sounds)

Most children follow a similar pattern in learning sounds. Some children have difficulty in learning and using sounds in the right places for words.

Young children with phonological difficulties

During pre-school years, children will learn lots of different sounds. They will also learn how to organise these sounds into words.

Primary-aged children with phonological difficulties

Usually, most children will be using a full range of speech sounds by the time they are 5 years. Some children however, will have difficulty in developing these skills.

Primary-aged children may be experiencing difficulties if they:

  • Only use a small number of sounds.
  • Are swapping one sound for another e.g saying 'tat' instead of 'cat'.
  • Are missing the ends off words.
  • Have difficulty with vowel sounds e.g. saying 'poor' instead of 'pear' or 'pot' instead of 'pat'.
  • Have difficulty with long or complicated words like 'banana' or 'aeroplane'.

Good sound skills are needed when learning to talk. They are also important for developing reading and spelling.

Was this information useful?: 
Average: 5 (1 vote)